The company ACEA, Italy’s National Water, Energy and Environmental Services multi-utility, organized with the collaboration of the UNFAO and the CIHEAM, the workshop "Water scarcity in the Mediterranean region: challenges and opportunities”. This meeting intended to bring together actors from the public and private sectors, civil society and academics with a strong interest in improving the performance of irrigation systems, in order to discuss issues and solutions regarding water scarcity in the Mediterranean region.
The Vice-Presidents of the CIHEAM, M. Gianni Bonini and M. Mohammed Sadiki and the Director of the CIHEAM Institute of Bari, Maurizio Raeli, participated to this strategic workshop in line with the CIHEAM objectives to promote stronger partnerships and cooperation with a diversity of actors for Sustainable Development.
For the Mediterranean, climatic constraints, particularly the scarcity of water resources have always been structural characteristics. Societies have developed ingenious agricultural production systems adapted to local specificities. But today, this resilience is put to the test. Water insecurity, that concerns countries whose water availability per year and per inhabitant is less than 1700 m³, is already affecting 10 Mediterranean States (Libya, Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Malta, Palestine, Syria). Nearly 180 million people are qualified "water poor" in the region (Mediterra 2016).